Kronotsky Reserve

24.08.16 «Kamchatka Odyssey» Sergei Gorshkov is bound to become world-famous

The book of a famous wildlife photographer Sergei Gorshkov has been published in English. Thousands of copies of the Russian version of the book has already been sold among the connoisseurs of Kamchatka wildlife beauty.Photos included in the edition were taken by Sergey Gorshkov in Kronotsky Reserve and the South Kamchatka Wildlife Refuge. Shooting reserve wildlife is a complicated task that requires special skills. «Kamchatka Odyssey» is the result of hard work, talent, patience in addition to vast and extensive experience of the photographer.«Such books are the best business card of our protected areas. Anyone who picks up the photobook of Sergei, will not remain indifferent to the fragile world of Kamchatka Wildlife, even if one has never been there — says Tikhon Shpilenok, head of Kronotsky State Nature Reserve. — Publishing of the «Odyssey» in English is a great opportunity for hundreds of thousands of people from different countries and different continents to immerse into this colorful, exciting, but vulnerable world. "Bears, foxes, Steller's sea eagles, deer, wolverines, each photograph captures the moment in the life of animals, whose behavior is not changed by the presence of man, in the reserve animals live guarded by strict reserve rules. Photos are complemented by short stories of the author, which do not describe what is happening on the picture, but are some «travel notes» of the photographer.Additional Information:Sergey Gorshkov is one of the founders and a member of the Russian Union of wildlife photographers. Sergey has won many prestigious national and international awards for his photographs, including five «Wildlife Photographer of the Year» awards from the BBC and twice «Photographer of the Year» in Russia in 2007 and 2011.

10.04.2015 After the unification of the Koryaksky and Kronotsky nature reserves, personnel from Kronotsky Reserve's Department of Protection care for and protect these territories' rare birds

In addition, violators of the reserves' rules of protection face tougher penalties. Now poachers will have to pay 1.1 million rubles for the capture of one gyrfalcon, whereas previously the maximum fine was set at 250,000 rubles for the bird.«Poaching is dramatically affecting the gyrfalcon population. This large, strong bird with light or completely white plumage is particularly valued on the black market. Among gyrfalcons, as with other birds of prey, the female is much larger than the male, so each year the largest and therefore most successful females are seized,» said Fyodor Kazansky, ornithologist and Kronotsky Reserve researcher.According to ornithologists, one of Russia"s largest groups of gyrfalcons lives in Kamchatka"s Koryaksky highlands. However, poaching activities intended to capture and export the birds for sale in Arab countries have caused irreparable damage to the population. The gyrfalcon is the largest member of the falcon family. It is protected in Russia as well as other countries.

08.04.2015 The territory of the Koryaksky Reserve is now under the control of FSI Kronotsky State Reserve

The order to reorganize the two federally funded institutions was signed by Sergey Donskoy, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment. As a result of the reorganization, FSI state reserve «Koryaksky» ceases to exist as a separate legal entity, and all its rights and obligations are transferred to FSI Kronotsky State Reserve. It thus becomes one of three federally protected areas, Koryaksky and Kronotsky reserves and the South Kamchatka Sanctuary, with a total area of nearly 1.8 million hectares. While Kronotsky Reserve has been steadily developing in the areas of protection, research, and eco-tourism, there was been no progress in Koryaksky Reserve for many years. It has almost no research department or the necessary resources for protecting the territory and creating infrastructure. Koryaksky Reserve"s transfer to the control of FSI Kronotsky State Reserve is eased by the northern territory experience developed over the 80-year history of Kronostky Reserve. Research in various areas will already be conducted in Koryaksky Reserve this summer, and Koryaksky"s territory will be patrolled by Kronotsky Reserve"s state inspectors.Koryaksky Reserve was established in 1995 to protect the sites of migrating and nesting waterfowl; the coastal and marine ecosystems of the southern Bering Sea, which has large seabird colonies; and the whole complex ecosystem of northern Kamchatka. The reserve consists of two separate sections: Goven Peninsula and Parapolsky. Parapolsky is included in the list of Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention) as a massive waterfowl habitat.

06.04.2015 The spring survey of animal routes has taken place in Kronotsky Reserve

Paths of birds and animals have been traced throughout the reserve territory, included the Uzon-Geyser area, sea coast, Semyachiksky area, Kronotskoye Lake, and Lazovsky cluster area. The surveyors skied 19 trails with a total length of about 350 kilometers. Most surveyors were Kronotsky Reserve state inspectors, but there were also experienced observers as well as beginners. To determine the species of animals by their trackers, surveyors used photo identifiers.Almost all the research groups noted a fairly high number of elk, which have left tracks in nearly all the flood plains of the reserve. Surveyors also recorded many hare tracks. As part of the spring survey, Anna Yachmennikova, a researcher with the Kronotsky Reserve and the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, studied lynx habitats.«We found tracks from a huge lynx. This cat traveled about 16 kilometers along the coast,» said Anna Yachmennikova. «Tracks of three smaller lynx were found in the alpine tundra around Krasheninnikov Volcano.»Survey sheets with information on the number of animal tracks on different routes are currently being processed. The complete data on the number and distribution of birds and animals on the Kronotsky Reserve territory will be released in a new edition of Nature Chronicles.

03.04.2015 Bears are waking up in the Kronotsky Reserve and South Kamchatka Sanctuary

The first bear tracks were spotted by Kronotsky Reserve state inspectors Nikolai Solovyov and Dmitry Fetisov on 13 March. They were on the shore between the mouths of the Tikhaya and Shumnaya rivers. Judging by the size of its paw prints, it was a large male. On 2 April, assistant researcher Alexander Kononov saw bear tracks on the Pacific coast near the Kronoki cordon. In this period, the animals typically feed on sea creatures such as fish and bivalves. They also sometimes eat seal or dead animals. On 31 March, state inspector Constantine Lepsky came face to face with a young bear in the South Kamchatka Sanctuary. He was on a bear patrolling the waters of Kurilskoye Lake and approaching the Samang archipelago, one of the lake"s most picturesque islands, when he saw the bear. It appeared to be about three years old. After watching the man for a while, the young bear hid in a thicket of cedar. Before the sockeye salmon begin to spawn in Kurilskoye Lake, bears have to survive on dead fish, voles, and their reserves. With the start of spring, they can start eating fresh greens.

03.04.2015 Kronotsky Reserve employees held a master class dedicated to International Birds Day

Educators and librarians mastered the technique of decoupage. They turned ordinary sheets of notepaper into magnets decorated with paper birds and flowers. And before the master class began, participants were told some interesting facts about different kinds of birds. The events were opened by Lyudmila Marchenko, deputy head of environmental education at Kronotsky Reserve. She related the history of the environmental holiday International Birds Day, which is celebrated on 1 April. The date wasn"t chosen by chance-it"s the time when migratory birds begin to return to the European part of Russia from warmer countries. In Kamchatka, the mass spring migration begins somewhat later, in mid- to late April. Fyodor Kazansky, researcher at the Kronotsky Reserve, told the teachers and librarians about the evolutionary adaptations of birds in different parts of the world. Fyodor also talked about notable birds such as the Arctic tern, bristle-thighed curlew, bar-tailed godwit, harpy eagle, and other exotic species.

30.03.2015 Alternative energy sources are used in South Kamchatka Sanctuary

The international «Earth Hour» campaign occurred on 28 March. Its purpose is to draw public attention to the need to combat climate change, save water and energy, and reduce emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere. This year, Russia"s reserves and national parks under the purview of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment joined the international event. Participants across the country shut off their outdoor, office and home lights for an hour.«Everyone should economize daily on water, wood, electricity, and natural resources in general. We should think about the rational use of resources regularly, not once a year,» said Sergey Donskoy, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment.The Kronotsky Reserve and South Kamchatka Sanctuary use alternative sources of energy year-round: solar panels and wind turbines. In order to ensure efficiency in all areas-protection, scientific research, tourism and environmental education-the Ozerny cordon on the shores of Kurilskoye Lake has a wind turbine with an operating capacity of 1.5 kilowatts as well as solar panels. They charge the batteries needed to run computer equipment and lighting. Solar energy is also used extensively on Kronotsky Lake. In particular, solar cells help power the instruments in the hydrological laboratory in the Istok cordon.

30.03.2015 On 30 March Russia celebrates Volcanologist Day

Of the 300 volcanoes located on the Kamchatka peninsula, 25 are located in the Kronotsky Nature Reserve. Eight of those are active: Kronotsky, Kizimen, Kikhpinych, Gamchen, Vysoky, Taunshits, Krasheninnikov, and Komarov. Four more-Ilyinsky, Kosheleva, Kambelny, and Diky Greben-are located in the South Kamchatka Sanctuary. Given these giants» explosive nature, volcanologists are monitoring them closely. Kronotsky Reserve is visited annually by thousands of tourists who come from all over the world to admire the majestic giants. Photographers give special attention to the volcanoes.«There"s no need to wonder how to „beautify” the picture. By themselves, the volcanoes attract the photographer and the viewer,» said photographer Sergey Krasnoshchekov. «The landscape is perfectly built around them. One of my favorite volcanoes is Kronotsky, with its perfect cone shape. By itself, it is incredibly beautiful, especially when viewed from the other side of the lake. Hardly any other natural object can compete with the force of the impressions left by volcanoes on their viewers.»On any day of the year, but especially today, we must thank volcanologists for their work. They show their courage in their willingness to take risks. At any time of day or night, they are ready to pack up and leave for the next eruption. For the sake of peace among the inhabitants of seismically active regions, they risk their health and even their lives by taking samples of volcanic gases and ash. Dear volcanologists, today we wish you good health, inexhaustible energy, professional success, interesting research and scientific discoveries. May this holiday bring happiness to you and yours!

25.03.2015 Kronotsky Reserve invites you to take part in the campaign «March of Parks 2015»

This year's «March of Parks,» an All-Russia environmental campaign founded by the Center for Wildlife Conservation, has the slogan «Soil-a priceless natural heritage.» The annual event includes a children's literary and art competition, «World of Wilderness.» Entries should focus on animals, plants, and ecosystems somehow connected with topsoil. Kronotsky State Reserve is one of Kamchatka's curators for this campaign. Local participants are asked to select an animal or plant that lives in Kronotsky Reserve or South Kamchatka Sancruary, then draw and write about it for their own fairy tale, story, poem, or essay. Teachers leading participants in this competition should share information with children about specially protected natural areas and the need to preserve their integrity. They should also emphasize the importance of soil conservation to ensure the existence of life on our planet.

23.03.2015 Residents of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky rescued a male long-tailed duck

Two skiers spotted a pair of oil-covered ducks on the Pacific coast near the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. It's possible that one of the ships passing through these waters leaked fuel and lubricants. The birds could not fly because their feathers were matted. The women decided to help the birds. Unfortunately, one of the birds was too timid. It evaded the women and most likely died. They managed to catch the second, however, and take it home. There, the bird was washed clean of oil with degreasing dish detergent and fed fish gruel. The bird was then brought back to where it was found. It started to swim in the cold water of the Pacific Ocean, but froze immediately and returned to its saviors. By happy coincidence, Natalia Golub, senior researcher at Kronotsky Reserve, was skiing along the coast at the same time. The women asked her for help. The group of rescuers decided to consult Fyodor Kazansky, researcher at Kronotsky Reserve. They called the ornithologist right away and sent him a picture of the bird. It turned out that it was a male long-tailed duck, which was changing its winter plumage for mating season. The duck could not swim in the cold water because cleaning the oil off its feathers also washed away a natural layer of fat, which keeps its feathers dry and the bird itself warm. On the recommendation of Fyodor Kazansky, the bird was warmed up and brought home for treatment. A bird has a special gland in its coccyx that secretes a lubricant for its skin and feathers. Expressing that gland helps maintain feathers' water-repellent and elastic qualities. After several days of intensive care, the mail long-tailed duck recovered its water-repelling ability. It is now able to swim and dive in cold seawater to get its main food-shrimp and other crustaceans.

18.03.2015 A film about Kurilskoye Lake received a bronze medal in the semifinal of the «Miracle of Russia» competition

The film «Lake of Life,» presented by the Kronotsky Reserve, discusses a unique natural feature of the South Kamchatka Sanctuary-Kurilskoye Lake. The lake holds the world"s largest group of salmon. Kamchatka brown bears, foxes, wolverines, otters, and other fish-eating animals all feed on the valuable salmon. Due to the fact that sockeye spawning is extremely prolonged and lasts from July to March, hundreds of Steller"s sea eagles, white-tailed eagles and golden eagles gather in the winter at ice-free spawning grounds. The film was created from the video archives of FSI Kronotsky State Nature Reserve. The footages includes a bear family with many cubs, thousands of salmon going to spawn, tourists watching bears fishing, fishermen working in the Sea of Okhotsk, and life in fishing villages. The film also has commentary from people interested in the unique lake"s preservation. They include scientists, state inspectors, documentary filmmakers, photographers, and residents of the fishing villages bordering South Kamchatka Sanctuary.

16.03.2015 One of the teams participating in the Russian Sports Tourism Championship will hike through Kamchatka

The athletes plan to spend 16 March to 19 April following a hiking route of the highest difficulty through remote areas of Kamchatka. Part of the athletes» trail goes through Kronotsky Reserve territory. The team consists of seven athletes with experience in the most difficult routes, difficult types of terrain, and severe climactic conditions. This winter they hiked through the Caucasus, Pamir, Yamal and Ural mountains, as well as the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen and other mountainous regions.«The Russian Sports Tourism Championship is extramural. Several teams chose to hike routes across Russia and the world, from the Arctic to the Pamir Mountains,» said Sergey Romanenko, head of the team. «Reports on the routes are written for review by the championship"s judges. Our team chose Kamchatka for its regional route.»

04.03.2015 Two guns have been confiscated from violators of South Kamchatka Sanctuary"s rules of protection

Before the close of hare hunting season, residents of the Ust-Bolsheretsky region decided to look for easy pickings in an area where hunting is prohibited all year round. On the night of 7 February, a Kronotsky Reserve task force noticed snowmobile headlights during a patrol of the South Kamchatka Sanctuary. State inspectors set off in pursuit of the perpetrators. They found a married couple from the village of Ozernovsky that had been engaged in illegal nighttime hunting. The inspectors seized a smoothbore weapon from the couple. On the night of 21 February, during an operational raid in the South Kamchatka Sanctuary, state inspectors detained violators of the rules of protection near the bustling village bordering the reserve. Two men on a snowmobile were on reserve territory and using a flashlight in the bushes to find hare. Inspectors seized a hunting weapon. The state inspectors found that the man with the gun did not have permission to carry a firearm from the authorities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The man said he had found the gun under a bridge the day before. According to Article 8.39 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation concerning «infringement of rules of protection and use of natural resources in protected areas,» violators can be punished with a fine of three to four thousand rubles and have any tools confiscated that are intended to commit an administrative offense or illegally manage wildlife.

02.03.2015 Kronotsky Reserve announces the «Best Reader of Nature Books» competition

The event is part of the Year of Literature, and held in partnership with Kamchatka"s regional children"s libraries and the New Book Holding Company. Participants have to read a nature book from a list and share their impressions. The contest includes six age categories. For each category, librarians have compiled a list of books. The youngest are invited to read short stories and fairy tales about animals, plants, and natural phenomena. The list for middle- and high-school students includes stories, novellas, and novels about explorers, pioneers, and people who devoted their lives to reserves. On the Day of Knowledge, 1 September 2015, participants will receive three questions for each book read. They will need to write answers in a journal and deliver their work to any of the above institutions by 10 September. Journals submitted to the competition will be judged on the following criteria: personality, creativity, completeness, detail, veracity, and the ability to analyze and draw conclusions. Winners will receive prizes from New Book Holding Company, the competition"s main sponsor.

26.02.2015 The day of Kronotsky Reserve's founding has been included in the official calendar of memorable dates for Kamchatka

The day of Kronotsky Reserve"s founding has been included in the official calendar of memorable dates for Kamchatka. An amendment to the Kamchatkan regional law «On holidays and anniversaries of Kamchatka territory» was introduced at the last session of the 28th Regional Legislative Assembly. Regional deputies approved a new memorable date-1 November, which marks the official founding the Kronotsky State Natural Biosphere Reserve. The issue of establishing a new Kamchatkan regional anniversary was marked for discussion for the 26 February meeting of the Regional Legislative Assembly. The amendment was presented by Roman Granatov, deputy chairman of Kamchatka"s Regional Legislative Assembly and chairman of the Committee on Environment, Agricultural Policy, and Environmental Safety.«Kronotsky Reserve is not just a treasure for Kamchatka and Russia. It"s an international gem of nature. The memorable date of its founding should be immortalized in our calendar,» said Valery Raenko, chairman of Kamchatka"s Regional Legislative Assembly.The law «On holidays and anniversaries of Kamchatka territory» was adopted in December 2010 during the regular session of the regional assembly. At that time, the deputies established a number of celebrations and anniversaries important to Kamchatka, including 14 April, when the Valley of the Geysers was discovered.

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Did You Know

Kronotskoye Lake has the greatest area and catchment area, the second-greatest volume, and the third-greatest maximum depth of any freshwater lake on Kamchatka