Report on Activities of the Division of Nature Protection of the Kronotsky Reserve

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The relatively small staff (30 people) of the Division of Nature Protection of Kronotsky Reserve is charged with protecting both the reserve territory as well as that of the federal-level South Kamchatka Sanctuary. Combined, these two preserves cover nearly 1.4 million hectares of strictly protected natural ecosystems. In 2009, inspectors uncovered 134 violations of the protected regime in the two preserves. During anti-poaching raids, 144 illegal hunting and fishing implements were confiscated, including:

In accordance with the administrative violations code of the Russian Federation, fines on violations were levied in the amount of 318,870 rubles, of which 232,870 rubles were collected into the municipal budget of the Kamchatka Region. Two cases were federal-level crimes and were transferred to the Department of Internal Affairs of the Kamchatka Region.

Three cases of violations were transferred to the Department of the Public Prosecutor of the Kamchatka Region to be decided in accordance with the appropriate criminal code of the Russian Federation. Five land user’s properties within the borders of the preserves were inspected for violations to the protected regime. Violations were identified and investigated at hydrographic beacons. Materials on these infringements were sent to the Office of the Military Prosecutor in order to prosecute state officials according to Russian legislation, after which it was decided to press charges against the head of beacon services.

On average, each staff person of the Division of Nature Protection of Kronotsky Reserve spent 198 days in the field carrying out official duties, including ensuring the safety of visitors in the reserve and sanctuary and carrying out interpretive excursions, as well as accompanying reserve scientific staff and international organizations carrying out research and monitoring projects.

The Division of Nature Protection also assisted in improving the infrastructure of the reserve and sanctuary, including preparing construction materials for building a bridge in the reserve, andmaintaining the reserve’s ranger stations, field bases, and trails for inspectors and visitors.

The Division carried out an assessment of the existing radio network of the reserve and sanctuary, and priority directions were identified for organizing a modern radio network to support round-the-clock communications with remote points in the preserves. In the South Kamchatka Sanctuary, a short-wave repeater was installed to allow radio communications with walkie-talkies carried by reserve inspectors. In time, this repeater will be part of a network providing a stable radio signal for the entire sanctuary as well as direct radio communication with the reserve management in Yelizovo. A list ofsteps required to improve communications for all staff in the reserve located for long periods at remote ranger stations was also developed.

In 2009, a marine route was elaborated for patrolling the three-mile marine protected zone along the Pacific, allowing the Division to protect the remote northern borders of the reserve as well as its the entire Pacific coast.

In 2010 the Division of Nature Protection of Kronotsky Reserve carried out 22 extended anti-poaching raids covering a total of 10,000 km (this is approximately the distance from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky to Moscow!). Staff patrolled the preserves on snowmobiles, skis, by foot, and by motorboat. Each staff member spent about 140 days in the field.

For 2010, 73 violations of the protected regime were uncovered, and administrative action was taken to prosecute the violators. The Division confiscated 33 illegal implements of nature use, including:

State inspectors levied fines for these violations totaling 251,500 rubles. Materials on six of the episodes were transferred to the Department of Internal Affairs of the Kamchatka Region to prosecute the violators under criminal charges.

Also in 2010, an additional task force was created with three inspectors equipped with two motor boats to identify violations to the protected regime in the marine area of the preserves.

In 2011 inspectors of the Kronotsky Reserve covered a total of 6,534 kilometers in order to identify violations to the protected regime in Kronotsky Reserve and South Kamchatka Sanctuary, including: 2,171 km on foot, 4,363 km in motorized vehicles and motorboats.

For 2011, the Division of Nature Protection of Kronotsky Reserve uncovered 42 cases of violations to the protected regime of the reserve and sanctuary according to Article 8.39 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation. Administrative fines in the amount of 113,000 rubles were levied against violators, of which 58,000 rubles was transferred to the budget of the Kamchatka Region. For two violations committed in 2010 of illegal hunting and fishing, in 2011 the violators were prosecuted according to Articles 256 and 258 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

Illegal hunting and fishing implement confiscated from violators included:

Materials on the confiscated implements were transferred to the Department of Internal Affairs of the Kamchatka Region to prosecute the violators in accordance with Article 258 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

Did You Know

Kronotskoye Lake has the greatest area and catchment area, the second-greatest volume, and the third-greatest maximum depth of any freshwater lake on Kamchatka