International status

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UnescoIn 1972, UNESCO adopted the Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, which entered into force in 1975. The Soviet Union ratified the Convention on March 9, 1988. By April 2009, it was ratified by 186 member countries, including the Russian Federation. The main objective of the Convention is promotion and preservation of objects that are unique on a global scale.

At the December 6, 1996 session of UNESCO, Kronotsky Reserve, along with five other protected areas in Kamchatka, were included as a World Natural Heritage Site under the nomination “Volcanoes of Kamchatka.”
The “Volcanoes of Kamchatka” site includes six individual world heritage sites that are located on the eastern, central, and southern of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the total area of which is 3.8 million ha. They represent almost all the major volcanic landscapes of Kamchatka, but each of them possesses unique features. About 30 active and 300 inactive volcanoes are found on all six sites.

World Heritage status provides the following benefits:

For details, see Official site of the United Nations Organization concerning education cultures and sciences

The Biosphere Reserve concept was developed in 1974 by a working group of the UNESCO “Man and Biosphere” (MAB) Program. Formation of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves began in 1976 and in March 1995 it included 324 Reserves in 82 countries. Biosphere Reserves are designed to solve one of the most important tasks of conservation of biological diversity and cultural values as key elements of environmental stability and sustainable economic development. Biosphere Reserves are areas where sustainability principles are tested, refined, applied, and promoted.

To be effective, a Biosphere Reserve requires that environmental scientists, experts on conservation and development, administrative authorities, and local communities work together, resolving the complex issues.

On February 5, 1985, UNESCO “Man and the Biosphere” International Recognition Program visited Kronotsky Reserve, after which it included the site in the International Network of Biosphere Reserves.

Did You Know

Kronotskoye Lake has the greatest area and catchment area, the second-greatest volume, and the third-greatest maximum depth of any freshwater lake on Kamchatka