Soils of South Kamchatka Sanctuary

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As in other areas of Kamchatka with active volcanoes, soil composition depends on regional factors such as temperature, hydrology, and vegetation, as well as the physical and chemical peculiarities of volcanic sedimentations. Following eruptions, buriedsoilslosetheirfunctional characteristics and obtain new ones. Thedepthofthesoilcoverincreases and theyoungestlayers form the upper soil horizons.

The most common soils in the reserve are ochre, layered ash volcanic, illuvial-humus tundra, meadow-sod, and peat-bog volcanic soils.

Did You Know

The graceful fir grove has been known for more than two and a half centuries it's origin is still a mystery, and scientific interest in the botanic phenomenon is high.