Soils of South Kamchatka Sanctuary

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As in other areas of Kamchatka with active volcanoes, soil composition depends on regional factors such as temperature, hydrology, and vegetation, as well as the physical and chemical peculiarities of volcanic sedimentations. Following eruptions, buriedsoilslosetheirfunctional characteristics and obtain new ones. Thedepthofthesoilcoverincreases and theyoungestlayers form the upper soil horizons.

The most common soils in the reserve are ochre, layered ash volcanic, illuvial-humus tundra, meadow-sod, and peat-bog volcanic soils.