Unique Ecosystems

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Ilyinsky Volcano

Ilyinsky Volcano is one of the most beautiful volcanoes on Kuril Lake with its perfectly-formed cone. With a height of 1,578 meters and a diameter at its base of eight kilometers, this is one of the youngest active volcanoes on Kamchatka. This volcano is the most noticeable adornment in the lake"s panorama on calm, sunny days.

Kambalny Volcano

Kambalny Volcano is the southernmost active volcano on Kamchatka, the start of a 1,000-kilometer long volcanic belt that extends northward. Its summit is 2,161 meters above sea level, There is an explosion funnel (200x100 m and 50 m deep on the southeastern slope. There are five clinkery funnels on the slopes.Large slag cones adorn its slopes, as well as thermal fields with fumerole activity. Some of them are visible to the naked eye from Kuril Lake, for example, from Travyanoy Cape. The fumeroles are located from 80 to 1,000 meters above sea level in the mountain tundra. Visitors can see vapors coming from vents as well as boiling water and mud.

Koshelev Volcano and Koshelevsky thermal springs

Koshelev Volcano was named in honor of Major General P.I. Koshelev, Governor of Kamchatka in the beginning of the XIX century. The volcano is made up of five structures, forming a ridge-like massif, the highest point of which reaches 1,812 meters. Two large thermal fields are on the volcano - the Upper Koshelev in the Valentin Crater and the Lower Koshelev, also known as Gremuchiye (Thundering) Springs. The last time this volcano erupted was in the end of the 17th century.

Kuril Lake

Kuril Lake was formed about 8,000 years ago as a result of a series of enormous volcanic explosions which shook southern Kamchatka. A vast territory was covered with volcanic ash. Even today, in Magadan, a thousand kilometers from the source, cross-sections displaying a five centimeter-thick layer of the characteristically yellow-tinted ash sediments from this eruption have been foun…

Lopatka Peninsula

Lopatka Peninsula is the southernmost point of Kamchatka. Bright fields of brown algae bloom in its shallow waters, making ideal habitat for sea otters. The cape it a nesting place for sub-Arctic species like long-tailed duck, rock sandpiper, dunlin, red-throated pipit, and Lapland longspur. In summer,snow yowl can also be found here. Lopatka Bay plays a special role during bird migrations. In autumn, the abundance and intensity of birds is the highest in the Far East when, during peak migration periods, 9,000–11,000 birds fly through the bay.

Utashud Island

Utashud Island is a small rocky island rising 80 meters from the Vestnik (Messenger) Bay, four kilometers from shore, across from the estuary of the Vestnik River. This is one of the most interesting islands on the southeastern coast of Kamchatka: rookeries of 10 species of marine birds are concentrated here, housing more than 22,000 pairs, with one of the largest slaty-backed gull nesting areas on Kamchatka (4,000 pairs), as well as a colony of tufted puffins numbering up to 10,000 pairs. Utashud also has a large concentration of sea otters (as many as 300 individuals), and haul out areas of Kuril harbor and spotted seals.

Kutkh's Boats

Kutkh's Boats (Bats) are a natural monument created from bizarrely exposed pumice located four kilometers from the source of the Ozernaya River (Kuril Lake).

Did You Know

The Semyachicksky estuary is counted as one of the most important wetlands as a key ornithological territory, protected by the Ramsar Convention.